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Ayurveda : The Science of Life - India’s Greatest Gift To The World.
Ayurveda, an alternative therapeutic system, is the most ancient medical science in the World. It was primarily developed from the Atharva Veda, the most recent of the Vedas. The word ‘Ayurveda’ is composed of two Sanskrit words – Ayur- meaning life and Veda- meaning knowledge, thus it deals with matters relating to health to boost the immune system and enhance the resistance power. The mainstay of the present Ayurvedic knowledge is found in two great treatises, Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita, each of which first appeared at the turn of the first millennium B.C. Ayurveda was formed into eight branches of medicine and two

primary schools of thought named after the sages Atreya and Dhanvantari. Charaka belonged to the Atreya school of Ayurveda and Sushruta to the Dhanvantari school. The physical, psychic and cosmic languages of the body is believed to be created from five great elements, i.e. Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth and are considered to be the basis of Vedic Sciences. In Ayurveda, human physiognomy is rooted in bodily humors-doshas, tissues-dhatus and wastes-malas. These three principles support all of life and are more than the physical substance of our anatomy.
When existing in the body of all living organisms, the five elements congregate in a certain pattern to form ‘Doshas’ literal meaning of which is ‘that which is quick to go out of balance’. In a state of balance or equilibrium, doshas are considered an energy force in that we cannot visibly detect them as they move through and support bodily function. In a state of imbalance, doshas become visible as mucus, bile, wind and physical matter. When these early signs of disorder are ignored, imbalances can quickly become full blown diseases.
In this unique system of explaining health, ethereal elements air and space unite to form Vata, fire and water form Pitta and water and earth form Kapha.  These three doshas co-exist in all living organisms. The degree to which each dosha exists within a person determines the individual’s constitution, referred to as body type or ‘Prakriti’.

Ayurveda has identified seven constituent tissues whereby the body both lives and dies. These tissues are called dhatus and are formed from ‘ahara rasa’ which is synthesized from ingested food by the action of digestive fire. In this process subsequent dhatu is fed by the previous dhatu, thus nourshing and defending the internal immune system. Rasa (Chyle or Plasma), Rakta (Blood), Mamsa (Muscle), Meda (Adipose), Asthi (Bone & Cartilage) , Majja (Bone Marrow) and Shukra (Sperm & Ovum) are seven dhatus from which body is made of. From the collective essences of all dhatus, life nurturing factor- Ojas is formed. Our physical, mental and spiritual strength is totally dependent on ‘Ojas’. The condition of the dhatus is one of the main considerations during the Panchakarma cleansing therapy.

The bodily wastes are known as ‘malas’ which perform certain useful functions. The three malas are Mala(feces), Mutra(urine) and Sweda(Sweat). Malas are supportive of the body’s nutrition by synthesizing essential elements in the dhatus as these makes their way out of the body.

Prakriti
The Ayurvedic Sages has provided specific guidelines to help us identify our constitutional nature. These guidelines enable to live wisely safeguarding the health. From three doshas- Vata, Pitta & Kapha, seven body types were originally identified. This body type is determined at time of conception and termed as ‘Prakriti’. Once the elemental imprint is made, the Prakriti can not be altered. The difference between individuals is the degree to which the three doshas interact with one another within each body type. The body types are the basis from which all Ayurvedic diagnosis begins and seasonal and behavioral regimen is advised.

   
 
 
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